National Institute for Health and Welfare
Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability
Academy of Finland
Many vascular and life-style related factors, such as hypertension, diabetes and overweight increase the risk of dementia. Interventions upon such factors exist, and they may also prevent/postpone dementia. Therefore, we have initiated the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study (FINGER) which is a 2-year multi-domain intervention study aiming to lower the risk of cognitive decline and disability. The FINGER study enrols 1200 independently living, 60 to 77 year old persons at an increased risk of dementia. They are randomized to receive either the multi-domain intervention or general health advice. The FINGER multi-domain intervention components are: 1) Dietary guidance; 2) Physical activity; 3) Cognitive training and social activities; and 4) Intensive monitoring and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors. The results of the first multi-domain intervention will help in planning and implementation of preventive measures for the whole population at risk in the future.