Person-centred care and Dementia Care Mapping among nursing home patients – a 18 months randomised controlled intervention study
|Professor||Knut||Engedal||Psykiatrien i Vestfold HF||Norway|
|Institution||Psykiatrien i Vestfold HF|
|Street Address||Olav Trygvasonsgt 4|
The Research Council of Norway
- Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias
Care, dementia, RCT
Dementia is a common and devastating disease in the elderly, leading to helplessness. No cure exists and there is an increasing need for care. The care is however associated with a great burden for the family and professional caregivers, and to often psyc hotropic drugs are given to agitated demented patients. To improve knowledge on how to provide better care for the patients in nursing home, we want to carry out a controlled trial using two special forms of educational and developmental interventions to wards the nursing home personnel and compared these two methods with a traditional educational program (lectures). The two forms of educational intervention are based on what is called person based care, meaning that the staff should learn to understand a nd treat the persons that suffer from dementia, not the dementia disease itself. The two forms are called frame-work to develop person-centred care and dementia care mapping, respectively. They are tried out in two previous short-term RCT with promising results. This will be the first long-term trail ever.The participants are the staff and patients in 15-20 nursing homes in the counties of Oslo and Akershus in Norway. Due to power calculation using data from a previous nursing home study we will includ e 200 patients and their professional caregivers in each of the three groups (600 in all). The two active intervention programmes will be introduced in the nursing home over a period of one year, and effect will be measured after end of intervention and a fter 18 months follow-up. Primary outcome measure is reduction of agitation. Secondary outcomes are less use of psychotropic drugs, less use of restraints, reduced mortality and improvement of quality of life of the patients; and improved well being among staff.